Allergy immunotherapy stimulates the immune system with gradually increasing doses of the substances to which a person is allergic. The aim is to modify or stop the allergy by reducing the strength of the response. In treating the underlying cause, this approach provides sustained symptom prevention and has been shown to reduce the risk of developing asthma by desensitizing the body to the specific allergens identified.
Immunotherapy solution is prepared and given by one of two routes: sublingually (or under the tongue) or subcutaneously (allergy shot). By gradually increasing the doses, the patient responds by developing an immunity or tolerance to the allergens.
As a result of these immune changes, immunotherapy can lead to decreased, minimal or no allergy symptoms when exposed to the allergens. Allergy immunotherapy usually takes three to six months to a year to become effective, and treatments are usually required for three to five years.
Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT) is a highly effective, safe alternative to allergy shots, and is exciting because it offers the prospect of a cure for allergies. Adults and children can be treated with SLIT.Daily drops placed under the tongue at home replace visits to the office for allergy shots. These drops are taken daily for 3-5 years after which most patients can stop the drops without developing recurrent symptoms.In susceptible children, they have been proven to prevent the development of asthma. SLIT is not used to treat food or stinging insect allergies. The benefit and convenience of home treatments allow for greater compliance and improved allergy management. SLIT is ideal for children and active families, as well as for those suffering from chronic conditions. It can also be used by patients taking certain medications that contraindicate allergy shots. Our allergy doctors oversee your allergy vaccine, dosage, and improvement.